Israel Jordan Water Agreement

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Excerpts from the signing of the peace agreement with Jordan in a video clip from the news cabinet Channel 2, 1994 Land restitution was made possible by remarkably far-sighted clauses inserted into a peace agreement between Jordan and Israel in 1994. Unfortunately, the parties to the same water agreement could not be more short-sighted and ensure that one of the world`s driest countries, Jordan, remains dry. The shake-up of relations was particularly remarkable in October 2019, when the 25th anniversary of the Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty passed without celebration in both states. Bilateral relations have been further undermined by the Trump administration`s proposed Middle East peace plan in early 2020. At the time of the revelation, the proposal called for control of the Jordan Valley to be ceded to Israel, which in practice would involve entering the Law of the Jordan. In response to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu`s proposal, Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said last June that the annexation would «destroy all prospects for peace» and jeopardize Israeli-Jordanian relations that have created a foundation for stability in the region. Jordan not only has a long and stable border with Israel in a conflict-ridred region, but is also the second state to sign a peace treaty with Israel. The Israeli discourse is often too discreet about criticizing this peace treaty and Jordanian stability for Israel`s security. Complicating matters is the generational shift in policy makers who manage Israeli-Jordanian water relations. The generation, which found itself in the middle of the Yarmouk under the watchful eye of its well-equipped military personnel and then participated in the negotiations and implementation of the Treaty Water Department, retired. This has wiped out years of social capital and informal understanding.

Without the active support of regional water cooperation, this young generation can have few opportunities to touch and use water for peace. The hope for cooperation lies in the steady decline in the number of ecologists working across borders and understanding that cooperation is needed to manage a water system and a climate crisis. Regional non-governmental organizations such as Ecopeace Middle East continue to demonstrate the benefits of cooperation and interdependence in developing resilience to climate change. The recently announced peace agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain are on the verge of repairing the political damage to the region and have opened the door to the possibility of future Israeli annexation of parts of the West Bank and Jordan Valley. The uncertainty regarding the annexation of recent months is due not only to a deterioration in Israel`s relations with Jordan and the Palestinian Authority, but also to a crisis in critical areas such as cooperation in the water sector. Overall, cooperation in the field of water is essential to promote effective cross-border water management and build trust among opponents. Regional tensions have also emerged. Shaddad Attili, the head of the Palestinian Water Authority, said the agreement was essentially an agreement between Israel and Jordan, in which the Palestinian Authority participates, since it shares part of the Dead Sea coast. «We supported Jordan,» he said. Gradually, in the fall and winter of 1993/94, King Hussein and his brother Crown Prince Hassan bin Talal realized that the Israeli-Palestinian talks were in fact an excellent opportunity for Jordan.

Hassan was to be the king`s closest adviser in conversations with Rabin and Halevy. Jordan had long abstained from a peace treaty with Israel because it did not want to stand before the Palestinians.

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